In North America, conservation partnerships include (among several other kinds of partnerships and initiatives) the Habitat Joint Ventures in Canada and the U.S. and Alianzas Regionales in Mexico. Habitat Joint Ventures are regional conservation partnerships focused on planning and implementing bird conservation projects. Each Habitat Joint Venture includes individuals, corporations, conservation organizations and government agencies.
The habitat joint venture model originated to implement the North American Waterfowl Management Plan. The same partnership model is expanding to implement bird conservation for all birds. In Canada, four Habitat Joint Ventures have been established over the years: