Partnerships and Implementation
Bird populations can be affected by almost every action of human society, and bird conservation spans a wide range of interests and jurisdictions. A partnership approach is therefore fundamentally important to bird conservation. Bird conservation actions can best be coordinated through mechanisms which integrate other natural resource planning and management processes such as watershed management and sustainable development projects. In this manner, bird conservation will benefit from the institutional and financial resources and the political support of related efforts.
Throughout the North American continent, regional partnerships (called Joint Ventures in Canada and the U.S. and Alianzas Regionales in Mexico) have been established to undertake bird conservation projects. Each joint venture includes the participation of individuals, corporations, conservation organizations and government agencies.
The joint venture model originated to implement the North American Waterfowl Management Plan. Subsequently, the same partnership model has been expanded to implement bird conservation for all birds. In Canada, four habitat joint ventures have been established over the years (Pacific Coast, Canadian Intermountain, Prairie Habitat and Eastern Habitat).
As well, three species joint ventures were established to primarily address monitoring and research needs of certain waterfowl species (Arctic Goose, Black Duck, and Sea Duck). All of the species joint ventures and the Pacific Coast Joint Venture (habitat) are international in scope.